Measles (Red Measles)

UPDATED - One case of measles confirmed in Ottawa on May 22, 2019

Ottawa – Ottawa Public Health (OPH) is investigating one case of measles which may be related to international travel. This case is not connected to the measles cases in Ottawa from April, 2019. To date in 2019, there have been three confirmed measles cases in Ottawa.

Read the latest update for the measles case announced on May 22, 2019

For immediate release:
May 23, 2019

 

UPDATE- One case of measles confirmed in Ottawa

Ottawa – Ottawa Public Health (OPH) is investigating one case of measles which may be related to international travel. This case is not connected to the measles cases in Ottawa from April, 2019. To date in 2019, there have been three confirmed measles cases in Ottawa. This investigation is ongoing, new locations, dates and times may be added, modified or removed as the investigation continues.

When OPH has contact information for potentially exposed individuals such as in schools or health care setting appointments, we contact them directly by phone or letter. OPH is currently following up with known contacts from this case who may have been exposed to the measles virus.

OPH uses public notification when it does not have the contact information of individuals who may have been exposed to the measles virus.  OPH is asking individuals to check if they have visited the following locations on the dates and times below as they may have been exposed to the measles virus.

Turnbull School, 1132 Fisher Ave.

  • May 13, 2019, 7:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
  • May 14, 2019, 11:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
  • May 15, 2019, 7:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
  • May 16, 2019, 9:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.

Tomlinson Head Office, 100 Citigate Dr.

  • May 13, 2019, 10:00 a.m. to 12:30 p.m.
  • May 16, 2019, 7:00 a.m. to 9:15 a.m.

Dovercourt Recreation Centre, 411 Dovercourt Ave.

  • May 14, 2019, 7:00 a.m. to 11:30 a.m.
  • May 16, 2019, 7:30 a.m. to 10:30 a.m..

Prosol Inc., 1153 Newmarket St.

  • May 14, 2019, 10:00 a.m. to 12:30 p.m.

Shoppers Drug Mart, 3151 Strandherd Dr. (Intersection of Woodroffe & Strandherd)

  • May 18, 2019, 8:30 a.m. to 10:45 a.m.
  • May 19, 2019, 8:00 a.m. to 10:15 a.m.

Queensway Carleton Hospital Emergency Department, 3045 Baseline Rd.

  • May 19, 2019, 1:30 p.m. to 6:00 p.m

OPH is advising all individuals who may have been exposed to the measles virus in the above locations, times, and dates to do the following;

  • Infants under one year of age, pregnant women who have not received two doses of measles containing vaccine, and people with weakened immune systems should contact their physician or call Ottawa Public Health at 613-580-6744 to discuss follow-up recommendations.
  • All other individuals who have visited these sites should check their immunization records or contact their health care provider to ensure that they are immune to measles. For more information about measles and immunity please visit OttawaPublicHealth.ca/Measles . Individuals who believe that they are not immune to measles should contact their health care provider to discuss next steps.

For additional information on measles and immunization, visit OttawaPublicHealth.ca/Measles or call the Ottawa Public Health Information Centre at 613-580-6744 (TTY: 613-580-9656). 

 

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What is measles?
Measles, also called red measles, is a very contagious infection that is caused by the measles virus. It is usually more severe in infants and adults than in children.
What are the symptoms of measles?
Symptoms of measles may develop 7 to 21 days after exposure to an infected person. Symptoms include a high fever, runny nose, cough, drowsiness, irritability and red eyes. Small white spots may appear in the mouth and throat. A red blotchy rash begins to appear on the face 3 to 7 days after the start of symptoms, then spreads down the body to the arms and legs. This rash usually lasts 4 to 7 days. Symptoms generally last from 1 to 2 weeks.
How do you get measles?
Measles is spread when a person comes in contact with an infected person.  It is spread through droplets from the nose, mouth or throat when an infected person is coughing, sneezing or talking.  Measles is one of the most highly communicable diseases.
When is measles contagious?
Measles is highly contagious from 4 days before the rash to 4 days after the onset of rash. Children diagnosed with measles should be excluded from school or childcare facilities until 4 days after the appearance of the rash.
Is measles dangerous?
Complications of a measles infection are rare but can be dangerous. Ear infections are a common complication, 1 in 10 cases will develop pneumonia, 1 in 1,000 cases develop swelling in the brain, and one death occurs for every 3000 cases. Pneumonia accounts for 60% of the deaths due to measles, mostly in infants.
Is there treatment for measles?
There is no specific treatment for measles.  However, individuals may require treatment or hospitalization if they develop serious complications from this infection.
How can I protect myself against measles?
The best way to protect yourself against measles is to receive the measles vaccine. This vaccine is combined with the vaccine for mumps and rubella and is known as the MMR vaccine. MMR is a very safe vaccine. One dose of the measles vaccine provides immunity for 85% to 95% of individuals, and a second dose increases immunity levels to 99%.  The vaccine is given to children at 12 months of age and again at 4 to 6 years of age.
How do I know if I am protected against measles?
After being infected with measles, immunity is generally life long. Immunization with 2 doses of the measles vaccine provides almost 100% protection against measles. Adults born prior to 1970 can be assumed to have acquired natural immunity to measles. Adults born in or after 1970 without evidence of immunity to measles should receive 2 doses of the MMR vaccine. If you are unsure of your immunization status, contact your health care provider.  

What should I do if I develop the symptoms of measles?

If you develop symptoms of measles, you should be assessed by a physician, and notify the health care facility that you plan to visit so that staff are aware of your symptoms prior to your arrival. In the meantime, stay at home to avoid potentially exposing other people ("home isolation"). Measles is diagnosed by a blood test, a urine sample and a nasopharyngeal swab.

For further information call Ottawa Public Health at 613-580-6744, visit OttawaPublicHealth.ca, or visit the websites listed below: 

 

 

The measles virus is transmitted through the air or by direct contact with an infected person. Early symptoms of measles may include fever, cough, runny nose or tiny white spots in the mouth. Within three to seven days after symptom onset, a red blotchy rash will appear, first on the face and then spreading to the body, arms and legs. Measles is more severe in adults and infants than in children and can lead to complications. We strongly encourage all residents to consider vaccination as a way to protect yourself and your family against measles and other vaccine-preventable diseases. If you are unsure of your vaccination status or that of your children, please discuss this with your health care provider. 

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